唐朝时期,人们就在昌南建造窑坊(kiln),烧制出一种青白瓷(bluish white porcelain)。青白瓷色彩晶莹,有“人造玉器”的美称,因而远近闻名,并大量出口欧洲。当时,欧洲人还不会制造瓷器,因此中国特别是昌南镇的瓷器很受欢迎。 在欧洲,昌南镇瓷器是备受珍爱的贵重物品,人们以能获得一件昌南镇瓷器为荣。因此,欧洲人就以“昌南”作为瓷器和生产瓷器的“中国”的代称。久而久之,欧洲人就把昌南的本意忘却了,只记得它是“瓷器”,即“中国”了。


  In the Tang Dynasty, people started to build kilns tomake bluish white porcelain in Changnan. The bluishwhite porcelain was glittering and had thereputation of artificial jade, so it became famoushome and abroad and was exported to Europe inlarge amount. At that time, Europeans were not able to make porcelain,so porcelain fromChina,especially from Changnan,was warmly welcomed. In Europe,porcelain from Changnanwas luxurious article cherished by everyone, and obtaining even one piece of it would makepeople feel very proud. In this way,Europeans used Changnan as the code name for china(porcelain) and the place of its production,China. Gradually, Europeans forgot the originalmeaning of Changnan,only remembering it is “china”,namely“China”.


  1.烧制出一种青白瓷:可译为make bluish whiteporcelain, 烧制可译为 make,“青白色的”可译为bluishwhite。


  3.远近闻名:可译为be famous home and abroad。

  4.以…为荣:即be proud of,文中译为…make people feelproud。


  6.只记得它是瓷器:根据前后句,本句可译为only remembering it is “china”, 用现在分词作状语来表达。


  当我们提到“过年”的时候,你脑子里首先想到的是什么?有红灯笼、红对联 (couplets)、红爆竹和红色的中国结。的确,红色对于中国人是不可或缺的一种颜色。中国红意味着平安、喜庆、和谐、团圆,意味着事事顺利、祛病除灾。有人这么形容中国红:中国红吸纳了朝阳最富生命力的元素,采撷了晚霞最绚丽迷人的光芒,凝聚着血液最浓稠活跃的成分,融人了相思豆(jequirity)最细腻的情感,浸染了枫叶最成熟的晚秋意象。


  When we talk about “Chinese New Year" what occursto your mind first? They are red lanterns, redcouplets, red firecrackers and red Chinese knots.Indeed,red is an indispensable color for Chinesepeople.Chinese red means peace, joy,harmony,and reunion; it also means everything goes well and it can drive away illness anddisaster. Someone describes Chinese red in this way: Chinese red absorbs the most dynamicelement of the rising sun; it picks the most beautiful and charming light of sunset glow;itembodies the thickest and most active ingredient of blood;it contains the most delicateemotions of jequirity;and it shapes the most:mature imagery of maple leaves in late autumn.


  每种文化都有自己的行为准则,中国也不例外。在中国,跟别人打招呼时,你或者点个头,或者微微鞠个躬。握也很常见,但你要等到中国朋友先伸才可以。另外,与西方社会的做法截然相反,中国人不太喜欢被陌生人触碰。所以不 要轻易地触碰别人,除非你完全有这样的必要。最后一点,根据儒思想 (Confiicianism)的观点,老人在任何情况下都应该受到年轻人的尊敬。你应该总是以老人为先,并对他们表本最大的敬意。


  Every culture has its rules on how to act,and Chinais no different. In China,to greet someone, you nodyour head,or you bow slightly. Handshakes arealso common, but you should wait for your Chinesepartner to initiate the motion. In addition,asopposed to those found in Western society,Chinese people do not enjoy being touched bystrangers. Don’t touch someone unless you absolutely have to.Finally, from the perspectiveof Confucianism, the elders are to be respected in every situation by those who are younger.You should always acknowledge the elders first,and show the most respect to them.